What is positive education?

positive education“Positive education is defined as education for both traditional skills and for happiness. The high prevalence worldwide of depression among young people, the small rise in life satisfaction, and the synergy between learning and positive emotion all argue that the skills for happiness should be taught in school. There is substantial evidence from well controlled studies that skills that increase resilience, positive emotion, engagement and meaning can be taught to schoolchildren.” 

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Within the EYFS Practice Guidance shared thinking is described as: ‘Sustained shared thinking involves the adult being aware of the children’s interests and understandings and the adult and children working together to develop an idea or skill. Sustained shared thinking can only happen when there are responsive trusting relationships between adults and children. The adult shows genuine interest, offers encouragement, clarifies ideas and asks open questions. This supports and extends the children’s thinking and helps children to make connections in learning.’


Throughout the EYFS there is reference to thinking skills and opportunities for developing these skills through adult support and modelling, creating an effective learning environment and giving children enough time to develop their ideas.

Within the Learning and Development theme, two key principles, Active Learning and Creativity and Critical thinking support the notion of sustained shared thinking.

  • Active Learning ‘involves other people, objects, ideas and events that engage and involve children for sustained periods.’ It is through sustained play with another, and in the early years with an adult, that shared thinking can really flourish. The thinking process takes time to develop.
  • Creativity and Critical thinking ‘When children have opportunities to play with ideas in different situations and with a variety of resources, they discover connections and come to new and better understandings and ways of doing things. Adult support in this process enhances their ability to think critically and ask questions.’

These thinking processes occur in all areas of Learning and Development. Specifically they can be found within:

  • PSED: Dispositions and Attitudes – ‘how children become interested, excited and motivated about their learning.’
  • CLL: Language for Thinking – ‘how children learn to use language to imagine and recreate roles and experiences and how they use talk to clarify their thinking and ideas or to refer to events they have observed or are curious about.’
  • PSRN: Problem Solving, Reasoning and Numeracy –‘children use their knowledge and skills in these areas to solve problems, generate new questions and make connections across other areas of Learning and Development.’
  • KUW: Exploration and Investigation – ‘how children investigate objects and materials and their properties, learn about change and patterns, similarities and differences, and question how and why things work. Children should be involved in the practical application of their knowledge and skills, which will promote self-esteem through allowing them to make decisions about what to investigate and how to do it.’
  • CD: Being Creative – Responding to Experiences, Expressing and Communicating Ideas – ‘how children respond in a variety of ways to what they see, hear, smell, touch or feel and how, as a result of these encounters, they express and communicate their own ideas, thoughts and feelings.’
  • Opportunities to promote the development of thinking skills within the EYFS are plentiful. In the key messages of effective practice – ‘Play and Exploration’– it states that: ‘children need to experience making mistakes in a safe environment, they need opportunities to test their ideas, to learn through play situations that they have chosen to explore… [In play] they share experiences and understandings, talk and thinking with the other children and the adults who join in the play and explorations.’

 

The following list aims to provide an idea of the underlying principles for the approaches to learning and thinking in KS2.

KS3 thinking skills materials are also useful for years 5 and 6 (KS2). KS2 thinking skills are in the process of consultation.
Click (CTRL + click) on titles of publication for further details and purchase information.


Collated by blen April 2009. Source dcsf and amazon.

Title

Author(s)

Publication
Date

Field

National Curriculum
Thinking Skills

Subject

4MAT in Action: 4th Edition

Bernice McCarthy

1999

Brain-based Learning; 4MAT

   

Accelerated Learning
in the Classroom

Alistair Smith

1996

Brain-based Learning

Enquiry; Creative Thinking; Evaluation

 

ALPS Storymaker

Steve Bowkett

2001

Brain-based Learning

 

English

Brain Based Learning

Eric P. Jensen

2008

Brain-based Learning

Information Processing; Reasoning; Creative Thinking

 

Brain Compatible Classrooms:
2nd Edition

Robin Fogarty

2001

Brain-based Learning

   

Building Thinking Skills: Level 1

Sandra Parks and
Howard Black

2007

Thinking Skills

Information Processing; Reasoning

English; Maths;
Geography;
Science

Critical and Creative Thinking Strategies for Classroom Enquiry

Susan Wilks

1995

Philosophical Approaches

   

Developing Mind: A Resource
Book for Teaching Thinking: 3rd Edition

Edited by Arthur L. Costa

2001

Thinking Skills

   

Effective Teaching and Learning in the Primary School Classroom

Sara Shaw and Trevor Hawes

1998

Brain-based Learning

   

Games for Thinking

Robert Fisher

1997

Brain-based Learning

   

How to Teach for Metacognition Reflection

Robin Fogarty

1994

Brain-based Learning

Evaluation

 

Improving Memory Skills

Mike Lake and Angie Steele

2000

Thinking Skills

Information Processing

 

Infusing the Teaching of Critical Thinking into Content Instruction

Robert J. Schwartz and Sandra Parks

1993

Brain-based Learning

Reasoning; Enquiry; Creative Thinking

English; Science; History; Geography; Foundation Stage

Mapping Inner Space

Nancy Margulies with Nusa Maal

2008

Brain-based Learning

Enquiry; Creative Thinking; Evaluation

English; Maths; Science; History; Geography

MapWise: accelerated learning through critical thinking

Oliver Caviglioli and Ian Harris

2000

Brain-based Learning

Enquiry; Creative Thinking; Evaluation; Reasoning; Information Processing

English; Maths; Science

MindManager: Version 6

Computer Software

2006

Brain-based Learning

Information Processing; Reasoning; Evaluation; Enquiry

 

Multiple Intelligences: the complete MI book

Dr Spencer Kagan and Migual Kagan

2001

Brain-based Learning

Creative Thinking

 

Music with the Brain in Mind

Eric Jensen

2000

Brain-based Learning

 

Music; Foundation Stage

Poems for Thinking

Robert Fisher

1997

Philosophical Approaches

Enquiry; Evaluation; Creative Thinking

English

Six Thinking Hats

Edward de Bono

2000

Brain-based Learning; Thinking Skills

Creative Thinking

Citizenship

Storywise: thinking through stories

Karin Murris and Joanna Haynes

2000

Philosophical Approaches

 

English; PSHE; Citizenship; Foundation Stage

Super Teaching: 2nd Edition

Eric Jensen

2008

Brain-based Learning

   

Teach Them Thinking

Robin Fogarty and James Bellanca

2006

Philosophical Approaches; Brain-based Learning

Reasoning; Enquiry; Creative Thinking

 

Teaching Children to Learn

Robert Fisher

2005

Philosophical Approaches; Brain-based Learning

Reasoning; Enquiry; Creative Thinking

Foundation Stage

Teaching Children to Think

Robert Fisher

2005

Philosophical Approaches; Brain-based Learning

Reasoning; Enquiry; Creative Thinking; Evaluation

English; Maths

Teaching Thinking Skills Across the Primary Curriculum

Edited by Belle Wallace

2001

Brain-based Learning

 

English; Maths; Science

The ALPS Approach: accelerated learning in primary schools: 2nd Edition

Alistair Smith and Nicola Call

2001

Brain-based Learning

Enquiry; Creative Thinking; Evaluation

English; Maths; Foundation Stage

Thinking by Numbers

Series Editor: Steve Higgins;
Authors: Paul Broadbent; Caroline Clissold;
Diana Cobden; Sarah Kennedy; and Tim Health

2005

Thinking Skills

Enquiry; Evaluation; Creative Thinking; Reasoning; Information Processing

Maths

Thinking for Learning

Mel Rockett and Simon Percival

2002

Philosophical Approaches; Brain-based Learning

Information Processing; Reasong; Enquiry; Evaluation; Creative Thinking

English; Maths; History; Geography

Thinking Skills and Eye Q

Oliver Caviglioli, Ian Harris and Bill Tindall

2002

Brain-based Learning

Information Processing; Reasoning; Enquiry; Evaluation; Creative Thinking

 

Thinking Stories 1: teacher resource and activity book

Philip Cam

1993

Philosophical Approaches

Reasoning; Creative Thinking; Enquiry; Evaluation

 

Thinking Through Primary Teaching

Steve Higgins, Viv Baumfield and David Leat

2000

Philosophical Approaches

Reasoning; Creative Thinking; Enquiry; Evaluation; Information Processing

English; Maths; Science; ICT

Thinking Together: 2nd Edition

Lyne Dawes, Neil Mercer and Rupert Wegerif

2000

Thinking Skills

Reasoning; Enquiry; Evaluation

English; Maths; Science; PSHE; Citizenship

Thinking Together: philosophical enquiry for the classroom

Philip Cam

1995

Philosophical Approaches

Reasoning; Enquiry; Creative Thinking; Evaluation

 

Zoombinis Logical Journey (formerly the Mathematical Journey of the Zoombinis)

Computer Software

2004

Thinking Skills

Information Processing; Creative Thinking; Reasoning

Maths

Copyright is a thorny issue, but it is important to know the rules to avoid penalty. Here are a few points to bear in mind when copying for your classes:

- Copying is restricted to 5% of a book per course of study

- Workbooks must not be copied
(they are excluded from the CLA/ICLA licence)

- Copying of whole books is illegal


For further information on copyright issues, or to obtain a licence for your organisation, see the CLA website or ICLA if you are in Ireland.

If you are copying from newspapers then you require a separate licence which can be obtained from the Newspaper Licensing Agency.

The NLA is currently offering teachers free access to millions of newspaper articles for use in class. Schools can sign up for a free trial to its new online newspaper databse, the News Library. The trial period lasts up to the end of 2009. In return, schools will be asked a few questions, which will help the NLA refine the service, and tailor it further to suit teachers’ needs. The News Library will allow teachers to download more than 100 UK national and regional titles (covering 2006 onwards), providing them with a wealth of cross-curricular resources for use in lessons and project work.

In a separate service, the NLA is offering a free paper-copying licence for any school in the UK with pupils up to the age of 16, to permit them to copy articles for use in lessons.


For more information, and to sign up for both the News Library and the copying licence, visit:

www.newspapersforschools.co.uk


A good way to get children to practise languages - fun and challenging. Encourages confidence and pronounciation practising! This website has 2712 entries in 107 languages! The address is at the bottom.

Chinese (Cantonese):

 

 

 

 

Chinese (Mandarin):

 

 

 

Polish:

"Tata, czy tata czyta cytaty Tacyta?"

"Ten rewolwer jest wyrewolwerowany"

"Z rozentuzjazmowanego tlumu wyindywidualizowal sie niezidentyfikowany prestidigitator, który wyimaginowal sobie samounicestwienie"

 

Portuguese:

"Pardal Pardo porque palras? Palro e palrarei, porque sou o pardal pardo, palrador de el-rei!"

"Compadre compre pouca capa parda porque quem pouca capa parda compra pouca capa parda gasta. Eu pouca capa parda comprei e pouca capa parda gastei"

"É crocogrilo? É crocodrilo?
É cocrodilo? É cocodilho?
É corcodilho? É crocrodilo?
É crocodilho? É corcrodilo?
É cocordilo? É jacaré?
Será que ninguém acerta
O nome do crocodilo maré? "

 

Japanese:

"Kaeru pyoko-pyoko, mi pyoko-pyoko, awasete pyoko-pyoko mu pyoko-pyoko"

"Kono Take o Kono Takegaki ni Tatekaketa no wa,
Take o Tatekaketakattakara Tatekaketa no desu"

"Torawo torunara torawo toru yori toriwo tore, toriwa otorini torawo tore"

 

Turkish:

"Dal kalkar kartal sarkar kartal sarkar dal kalkar"

"Su karsida bir karga var. Ne anam kuru kaba kara gagagi var"

"Kürkü yirtik erkek kel kör kirpinin yirtik kürkünü kürkü yirtik disi kel kör kirpinin yirtik kürküne, kürkü yirtik disi kel kör kirpinin yirtik kürkünü de kürkü yirtik erkek kel kör kirpinin yirtik kürküne eklemisler."

We have other exaples of languages on our pml section and some english ones in our esl/al section.

Source: 1st International Tongue Twister (above website)

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